Zvinhu zvinomwe nezveCovid-19 zvinoshungurudza vatungamiriri vebhizinesi zvakanyanya

London (CNN Bhizinesi) Kuderera kwenguva refu ndiko kushushikana kukuru kune vatungamiriri vekambani pavanofungisisa nezvekubuda kwechirwere chekorona. Asi pane zvimwe zvakawanda zvinoita kuti varambe vakamuka usiku.

Vatongi vane basa rayo kuona njodzi vari kunetsekawo nekunetseka kwakakura kunoitika mumabhanga, huwandu hwakanyanya hwekushaikwa kwevechidiki uye kuwedzera cyber kurwiswa kubva kuchinjana kuenda kubasa riri kure, maererano neshumo neWorld Economic Forum (WEF), Marsh & McLennan uye Zurich Insurance Group.
Vanyori vakaongorora vanoda kusvika mazana matatu vashandi vepamusoro panjodzi kubva kumakambani makuru pasi rese. Maererano neshumo, rakaburitswa neChipiri, zvikamu zviviri kubva muzvitatu zvevakabvunzwa vakanyora kuderera kwenyika zvakanyanya se "dambudziko rakanyanya" rakatarisana nemakambani avo. Vanyori venhoroondo vakasarudzirawo kuwedzera kusaenzana, kushaya simba kwekuzvipira kwemamiriro ekunze uye kushandisa zvisirizvo kwetekinoroji njodzi dzinobva kuCovid-19 denda.
Ongororo iyi yakaitwa muvhiki mbiri dzekutanga dzaKubvumbi.
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Vafambisi vemitemo pasi rese vari kutsvaga kuburitsa hupfumi hwavo kubva munzvimbo dzakasarudzika, kudzoreredza mabhizinesi, zvikoro nekutakura, uku vachidzivirira njodzi yechipiri yehutachiona iyo inogona kumanikidza kudzikama kutsva.
Sangano reInternational Monetary Fund rakati mwedzi wapera rinotarisira GDP yepasi rose kuzoita chibvumirano ne3% muna 2020, hupfumi hwakadzika zvakanyanya kubvira pakuderera kwakanyanya kwe1930s.
"Covid-19 yakadzora basa rehupfumi, inoda matrillion emadhora mumapakeji emhinduro uye inogona kukonzeresa kuchinja kwezvehupfumi muhupfumi hwenyika kuenda kumberi, sezvo nyika dzaronga kupora uye kumutsidzirwa," akadaro vanyori ve WEF mushumo.
"Kuvakwa kwezvikwereti kunogona kunetsa mabhajeti ehurumende uye zviyero zvemakambani kwemakore mazhinji ... hupfumi hunowedzera huri panjodzi yekunetseka zvakanyanya, apo mabhizinesi anogona kutarisana nekushomeka kwekushandisa, zvigadzirwa nemakwikwi," vakawedzera , ichinongedzera kune vatungamiriri kunetsekana kwekupararira kwemabhengi uye kubatanidzwa kwemaindasitiri.
IMF inotarisira chikwereti chehurumende mune zvehupfumi hwakasimukira kuti chiwedzere kusvika pa122% yeGDP gore rino kubva pa47% muna 2019. Kusasimba kwezvikamu zvemari muzvinhu zvikuru zvehupfumi kwaive kunetsekana kwe40% yevatongi vakaongororwa, nevanyori venhoroondo yacho vachiratidzira kuti kushandisa kwanhasi inogona kutungamira kuzera idzva reusterity kana mutero huvhi.
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Paakabvunzwa nezvematambudziko avo epamusoro senyika, avo vakaongororwa vakataura huwandu hwekushaikwa kwemabasa, kunyanya pakati pevechidiki, uye kumwe kubuda kweCovid-19 kana chimwe chirwere chakasiyana.
"Denda iri richava nemhedzisiro inogara kwenguva refu, sezvo kushaikwa kwakawanda kuchikanganisa kuvimba nevatengi, kusaenzana uye kugara zvakanaka, uye zvinonetsa kushanda kwezvirongwa zvekuchengetedza nharaunda," Peter Giger, mukuru wengozi kuZurich akataura.
"Nezvinetso zvakanyanya pabasa uye nedzidzo - vadzidzi vanopfuura bhiriyoni mazana matanhatu vakatadza kuenda kuchikoro panguva yedenda - takatarisana nenjodzi yechimwe chizvarwa chakarasika. Sarudzo dzakatorwa zvino ndidzo dzinoziva kuti njodzi idzi kana mikana inorarama sei," akawedzera.
Kunyangwe kubatana kwakagadzirwa nedenda reCoronona kunopa mukana wekuti "kuvaka kwakabatana, kubatanidze uye kuenzane nharaunda," sekureva kwemunyori wemunyori, kusagadzikana kwemagariro kunobva mukuwedzera kusaenzana uye kushaikwa kwemabasa ndiyo njodzi iri kusangana nehupfumi hwenyika.
"Kuwedzera kwebasa riri kure kwevashandi vane hunyanzvi hwepamusoro kungangowedzera kuumba kushomeka kwemusika wevashandi uye mari yekukura iri kukura kune avo vane hunyanzvi hwekufambisa," vanodaro.
Pane humbowo hwekuratidzira kuti vashandi vanowana mari shoma uye vanotama vari kutakura kushomeka kwehupfumi kubva padanho rekuvhara.
Chirevo zvakare chinowona kuti kufambira mberi kwezvakazvipira kuzvipira kunogona kumira. Kunyange maitiro matsva ekushanda uye maitiro ekufambisa anogona kuita kuti zvive nyore kuona kudzikiswa kabhoni, "kusiya maitiro ekusimudzira mukuedza kugadzirisa kana kudzokera kuhupfumi hwakasimba hwepasi rose" njodzi ichikanganisa shanduko kune simba rakachena, akadaro vanyori.
Ivo vanonyevera kuti kuvimba kwakanyanya nehunyanzvi uye kukurumidza kuburitswa kwemhinduro nyowani, senge kusangana nekutsvaga, zvinogona "kushayisa hukama pakati pehunyanzvi hwehutongi," nemigumisiro isingaperi munharaunda kubva mukusavimbika kana kushandiswa zvisizvo.

Nguva yekutumira: Chivabvu-20-2020